Surface sediment samples were collected from lakeside zone of Zhushan Bay, Lake Taihu, of which 10 samples were collected from the littoral zone and one sample was collected from the center of the lake. The concentrations of 16 US EPA-priority-controlled polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were analyzed by GC-MS. The results showed that PAHs content varied from 61.2 to 2 032.3 ng/g, and the mean value was 1 131.5 ng/g. The spectra of PAHs showed that 4 rings and 5-6 rings were predominant ones in littoral zone, accounting for 28.6% and 60.9%, respectively, while 2-3 rings PAHs were predominant in the center of the lake, accounting for 88.1%. The source of PAHs in littoral zone sediments was mainly attributed to high-temperature combustion of coal, oil and other fossil fuels, but that in center of the lake was mainly attributed to oil spill. No significant PAH ecological risk was found in littoral zone of Lake Taihu according to ecological risk assessment. However, some PAH concentrations exceeded the effects range low (ERL) in some sampling sites. Potential harmful effects on organisms might exist, and ecological risk should be prevented.
Since the Liao River basin eliminated water quality worse than class V for COD in the mainstream in 2009, the water pollution control has acquired breakthrough progress. Currently, in accordance with the five main indicators of surface water (COD, NH3-N, BOD5, DO, pH) detection, the water quality has reached class IV and been relatively stable, the fish has been restored to 40 kinds, and the river marked fish, saury, has been reproduced. Liaoning Provincial Government designated the mainstream of Liaohe as conservation area and established a conservation bureau. This is the first administration to be set up in China carrying out integrated basin management. This has provided institutional guarantees for implementation of multi-objective integration to protect the mother river of Liaoning people. The eco-treatment technology and practice of Liaohe Conservation Area were introduced. It has great significance on implementing the state strategy of “construction of ecological civilization”, accomplishing coordinated growth between economy and environment, and realizing harmony between people and nature.